Some Sources for the Zheng He Voyages
A. Original Sources
1. The original Chinese references to the Zheng He voyages are contained within the Ming shi-lu (or veritable Records of the Ming). These have been made available in English translation by Geoff Wade at the following site:
2. Other works which contain contemporary accounts of the voyages include:
a. Ying-yai Sheng-lan, The Overall Survey of the Ocean's Shores 1433 by Ma Huan, translated by J.V.G. Mills, with foreword and preface, Hakluyt Society, London 1970; reprinted by the White Lotus Press, Bangkok 1997.
b. FEI, Hsin. Hsing-ch'a sheng-lan, the overall survey of the Star Raft, translated by J.V.G.Mills, revised, edited and annotated by Roderich Ptak. [Series: South China and maritime Asia 4]. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1996, ISBN 3-447-03798-9.
B. Academic Studies
1. An Overview of the Zheng He Sexcentenary written by Bruce Doar for the Chinese Heritage Newsletter under the Chinese Heritage Project, Australian National University
2. Michael Bosworth on “The Rise and Fall of 15th-century Chinese Sea Power”
3. Louise Levathes’ work When China Ruled the Seas: The Treasure Fleet of the Dragon Throne 1405 – 1433 (Oxford University Press, 1997) is a popular yet reasonably accurate account of the voyages. An introductory section of the work is presented here:
4. A revisionist view of the Zheng He voyages by Geoff Wade, Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore is presented as an online working paper here:
5. Details of the trilingual stele erected in Sri Lanka by Zheng He
6. The Zheng He exhibition held at the National Library of Singapore in 2005:
7. Johannes Widodo’s paper “Admiral Zheng He and Pre-Colonial Coastal Urban Development in Southeast Asia”.
8. An Overview of European-language Studies of the Pre-Modean East Asian Maritime Realm can be found here:
9. For more general information on Maritime Asia, the following website is useful:
C. Popular Media representations
1. Time Magazine was one of the earliest Western media to latch on to the Zheng He magic and ran a major story on the voyages in a 2001 issue
2. Nicholas Kristof continued this with a piece in the New York Times:
3. National Geographic provide an online introduction to their 2005 issue on the Zheng He voyages:
4. Andreas Lorenz, in his Der Spiegel article, examines the recent resurgence in interest in Zheng He:
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